This post is dedicated to my friend, Lola.
When I get sick, nothing helps me feel better than the warm comfort of Chinese congee. I used to think it was the nostalgia of my childhood when my parents would nurse me back to health with bowlfuls of it, but more recently, I’ve found out there’s science behind the old tradition. Congee is not only high in fluid content, which your body needs plenty of when you’re sick, but is also high in electrolytes from the rice. (Italians have a similar concoction, only it’s boiled pasta and the starchy water is drunk afterwards. Same principle.)
I will make congee regularly around the year, but never at a higher frequency than when I’m sick. This week was no exception. Having picked up an ugly virus, I gathered up the pot, rice, and chicken broth for my congee. That is the beauty of congee. That’s all you need. My basic recipe will make a large pot of plain congee that will last one person about two or even three days, which is great when you’re sick and don’t want to be cooking multiple meals.
- 2.5 to 3 litres of chicken stock (may also be substituted with vegetable stock or water)
- 1.5 cups of white jasmine rice
- Salt and white pepper to taste
Other ingredients (optional “either or” additions, not intended to be used in combination)
- 4-8 oz. of pork tenderloin, finely chopped or sliced into strips (you can add this in with the rice to the boiling stock or water)
- 3-6 oz. of whitefish (add this once the congee is ready and simmer further until it is cooked)
Garnish (optional, to be added individually or in combination):
- 1 sprig of green onion, finely chopped
- 1/4 cup of fresh cilantro, finely chopped
- 2 teaspoons of ginger, finely grated or chopped
- Chopped or whole peanuts
- Dried shredded pork
Wash the rice in a bowl and drain the water. Bring the stock or water to a boil on high heat, then add the freshly washed rice to the pot (include the pork tenderloin at this point, if you are wanting to include it). Turn the heat down to low heat and simmer.
Cooking the congee will take about 2-3 hours, unless you have a pressure cooker, in which case it will take closer to 45 minutes to an hour. The longer you boil it, the more the rice starts to break down and fall apart. This is what you want. It’s not possible to overcook the rice when you’re making congee. The congee only gets better and smoother in texture the longer you simmer it. When you’re done, the consistency will be that of a slurry. If you’re wanting to add some white fish, you should do so at this point and simmer the pot further until the fish is done. Keep an eye on the fish so it doesn’t overcook.
After the congee is done, you can add any of the garnish ingredients listed above for added flavour.
As an additional note, the ratio of rice to liquid is very flexible and can be adjusted, depending on your personal preference. If you prefer a soupier consistency, reduce the amount of rice, or add more stock or water. For a thicker, more porridge-like congee, add more rice or reduce the stock or water. I like my congee inbetween: not runny, but not sticky and thick either. If in doubt, check the pot, give it a stir and add more rice or liquid according to your preference.
You can also add more rice and liquid to the congee at any time to extend the pot into even more meals. Normally, once I hit the 2/3 or half-way point in my pot, I’ll add about 2 to 4 cups of water, and a 1/4 to 1/2 cup of rice to the already cooked congee (depending on how much more congee I want to make) and start the process again. This time, it’s important to stir the congee as you’re bringing it up to a boil, particularly along the bottom of the pot to make sure the rice doesn’t stick to the bottom and burn. If you’re making a thicker congee, this is even more important. I would recommend adding an additional cup of water to loosen up the rice a little, and check on the pot more frequently, giving the pot a good stir when you do. The cooking time for the congee extension is usually around 30 minutes to an hour.
If you master the plain congee, all other kinds of congee will be easy to make. Stay tuned for other congee recipes in the future.